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国内国外主机怎么备案 – ICP域名与公安备案详解 – VPS教程

主机教程 Liam 1年前 (2019-09-19) 581次浏览 21个评论 扫描二维码
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最近很多朋友咨询备案的问题,对国内与国外主机怎么备案、为什么网站需要备案、怎么去进行操作等问题有疑惑,对我们国家的互联网管理部门职责不清楚,导致网站建设好了上线不成功, 所以VPS234今天就这些问题进行详细的阐述,让用户有清晰的认识。

国内国外主机怎么备案 - ICP域名与公安备案详解 - VPS教程

网站备案有2种

首先备案这个概念只有在中国大陆地区才有,在美国、香港、台湾、日本等地区没有备案这个说法,这是国家为了管理互联网而采取的有效措施。

备案分为两种,一种是域名备案、一种是公安备案,2种备案都是免费的,不收取任何手续费。

域名备案

域名备案就是我们常说的ICP备案,这个规中国工信部管理。

国内国外主机怎么备案 - ICP域名与公安备案详解 - VPS教程

域名备案和域名在国内还是国外注册没有关系,只和你的网站部署的服务器所在地有关。如果你的服务器是在大陆地区的,那么网站如果要通过域名访问(如果你只通过IP访问是可以不用备案的),那么就必须备案。

域名备案不是域名注册商的职责,是你购买的国内服务器帮助你提供相关资料,一般域名备案都会提供如下资料:

个人备案:

  • 域名证书(域名所有者必须与主体单位名称一致,这个在域名注册商网站都有提供下载)
  • 承诺书
  • 网站负责人正面免冠全肩彩色相片,背景为主机公司提供的幕布,一般是邮寄给你或者你彩印出来(1m*1m左右大小)
  • 网站负责人身份证正背面原件彩色扫描件
  • 手写签名填写网站备案真实核验单
  • 工业和信息化部ICP网站备案信息登记表

使用幕布拍摄的示例如下所示:

国内国外主机怎么备案 - ICP域名与公安备案详解 - VPS教程

幕布每家主机公司都不一样,服务器所属不同主机公司,幕布不能一样,比如阿里云和腾讯云的幕布就不一样。

企业备案:

  • 域名证书(域名所有者必须与主体单位名称一致)
  • 承诺书
  • 网站负责人正面免冠全肩彩色相片(背景同样是主机公司提供的幕布)及其身份证正背面原件彩色扫描件(网站负责人非法定代表人时,需提供网站负责人授权书并加盖单位公章)
  • 主体负责人(法人)身份证正背面原件彩色扫描件
  • 工商营业执照副本原件彩色扫描件等相关资质证明
  • 手写签名填写网站备案真实核验单,并加盖单位公章

企业备案和流程大致文件是相同的,只是企业备案需要营业执照和公章等相关信息。

国内国外主机怎么备案 - ICP域名与公安备案详解 - VPS教程

每个主机公司可能需要的资料稍微有不同,但大致差不多,域名备案的周期是15至30天,备案成功前,网站是不能够被访问了。

因为域名备案只有国内主机才能而且必须做,国外主机商一般是做不了域名备案的。

一些应用比如微信小程序、百度认证等等都是需要域名备案信息的,这个时候你就必须要购买国内服务器,老老实实备案了。

公安备案

公安备案是公安部网络安全保卫局负责的,以前这个监督不严格,但是2018年后,网络安全需要进一步提升,现在已经很严格,在域名备案的30日内起需要到“全国公安机关互联网站安全服务平台”去备案,其访问地址为:http://www.beian.gov.cn

国内国外主机怎么备案 - ICP域名与公安备案详解 - VPS教程

对于正常的网站,这个备案相对比较简单,只需要到管理平台去注册个人或者企业账号,填写你身份证、居住地址、网站及服务器相关信息就可以了,只要是正常的网站一般都很快会通过审核了,然后会给你发放公安备案号,当然如果你的网站不正常,这个审核可能很多次都不会成功的。

如果国内运营的网站不经过公安备案,网警会打电话催促你去备案的。

如果你的域名备案了,后面服务器就算迁移到国外去了,也是要求你备案的,所以需要注意。

不管是域名备案或者是公安备案,都会给你发放备案号,你需要放置到你网站的底部,公安备案还需要添加网警的图标,如下百度的备案示例:

国内国外主机怎么备案 - ICP域名与公安备案详解 - VPS教程

备案总结

从上面的内容中我们知道备案有两种类型,分别由不同的部门主管,如果你不想备案,那么你就可以选择国外主机或者 国外VPS,如果你的网站必须要备案信息,那么你就必须使用国内主机,备案相关的操作由你购买的主机所属的主机商帮助引导你完成,不要去找域名注册商,希望本文对需要备案的朋友有帮助。


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